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Journal of Operator Theory

Volume 71, Issue 1, Winter 2014  pp. 45-62.

Boundary representations and pure completely positive maps

Authors:  Craig Kleski
Author institution: Department of Mathematics, Miami University, Oxford, OH, U.S.A.

Summary:  In 2006, Arveson resolved a long-standing problem by showing that for any element $x$ of a separable self-adjoint unital subspace $S\subseteq B(H)$, $\|x\|=\sup\|\pi(x)\|$, where $\pi$ runs over the boundary representations for $S$. Here we show that `sup'' can be replaced by `max''. This implies that the Choquet boundary for a separable operator system is a boundary in the classical sense; a similar result is obtained in terms of pure matrix states when $S$ is not assumed to be separable. For matrix convex sets associated to operator systems in matrix algebras, we apply the above results to improve the Webster-Winkler Krein-Milman theorem.

Keywords:  operator system, pure completely positive map, boundary representation, peaking representation, matrix convex, $C^{\ast}$-convex, Krein-Milman theorem

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